We interrupt this program to bring you…Courage the Cowardly Dog Show, starring Courage, the Cowardly Dog! Abandoned as a pup, he was found by Muriel, who lives in the middle of nowhere with her husband, Eustace Bagge…
The Endangered Red Wolf
The red wolf (Canis rufus) is one of the world’s most endangered wild canids. Once common throughout the southeastern United States, red wolf populations were decimated by the 1960s due to intensive predator control programs and loss of habitat. A remnant population of red wolves was found along the Gulf coast of Texas and Louisiana. After being declared an endangered species in 1973, efforts were initiated to locate and capture as many wild red wolves as possible. Of the 17 remaining wolves captured by biologists, 14 became the founders of a successful captive breeding program. Consequently, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) declared red wolves extinct in the wild in 1980.
By 1987, enough red wolves were bred in captivity to begin a restoration program to return the species to a portion of their traditional range in the southeast United States. For over two decades the USFWS has been restoring red wolves to the Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge in northeastern North Carolina. And in 2004, the WCC joined the recovery effort via its acceptance into the Red Wolf Species Survival Plan and has played a critical role in preserving and protecting these imperiled species through carefully managed breeding and reintroduction. To date, the WCC has welcomed four red wolf litters (2010, 2015, and two in 2018) and a single red wolf from the WCC has been given the extraordinary opportunity to resume his rightful place on the wild landscape. As of the start of 2020, the WCC is home to 20 red wolves. 18 of our resident red wolves occupy enclosures in the WCC’s Endangered Species Facility. These enclosures are private and secluded, and the wolves are not on exhibit for the public.The WCC’s two other red wolves reside on exhibit in the Red Wolf Exhibit which opened in October of 2009. For the first time ever visitors to the WCC are given the opportunity to see this rare and elusive species.
Only 11 Known Red Wolves Are Left; What Happens Next
The WCC is generally home to 15 – 20 red wolves. Every one of them beautiful, and all valuable contributions to the recovery of their rare and at-risk species. But as things stand, these wolves exist in a world that currently has only one place for them in the wild – North Carolina – and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) seeks to take that place away.
Recipe for Extinction
In June 2018, the USFWS released its proposal for managing the last wild red wolves – a single population in eastern North Carolina consisting of fewer than 30 individuals. The Service proposed to reduce the red wolf recovery area by nearly 90 percent and limit the wild population to just 10 – 15 wolves. The proposal would also eliminate protections for any red wolves that wander off the newly-designated recovery area, effectively allowing anyone to kill red wolves on private lands, for any reason.
Americans Overwhelmingly Support Red Wolf Recovery
Endangered species recovery is a matter of pride and concern for all U.S. citizens. When USFWS solicited public comments on its draft proposal, the plan was met with near-unanimous opposition from the American public. Out of 108,124 comments submitted between June 28th and August 28th, 99.9 percent favored the need for strong federal protections for red wolves.
Only 19 comments explicitly supported the agency’s plan to eliminate red wolf protections and shrink the recovery area. Thirty additional comments – with 13 of these coming from a single real estate developer – expressed general opposition to red wolf recovery.
Red Wolf Victory
With the opportunity to comment closed and USFWS’s decision poised to be finalized by November 30, the future for red wolves remained on shaky ground. Without a renewed federal commitment to save the last wild red wolves, one of the few apex predators to roam the U.S. Southeast would be relegated to the history books.
Enter Southern Environmental Law Center (SELC), a non-profit law firm representing a coalition of conservation groups who initiated a lawsuit against USFWS in 2015 for authorizing the capturing and killing of non-problem red wolves, and abandoning conservation measures that had been used for decades. In an October court hearing, SELC asked the federal judge to intervene as USFWS’s imminent plan would hasten the animal’s extinction and be a further violation of federal law.
Examining USFWS’s decisions to allow private landowners to shoot and kill red wolves, to end captive-to-wild release events, and to end efforts to prevent hybridization with coyotes, the court ruled on November 5 that USFWS violated legal requirements to protect and recover the world’s last wild red wolves. The Judge also made permanent the court’s September 29, 2016 order stopping the USFWS from capturing and killing red wolves and authorizing private landowners to do the same.
USFWS Announces Delay Decision
On November 29, just three weeks after a federal judge ruled that USFWS has a duty under the Endangered Species Act to implement proactive conservation measures to achieve species recovery, USFWS announced its decision to delay any action re its proposed rule change.
“In light of a federal court ruling issued earlier this month in the Eastern District of North Carolina, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is extending its review of a proposed rule to adapt its management of red wolves in the state. The additional review time will provide the Service the opportunity to fully evaluate the implications of the court decision.”
We don’t know. So now, while we wait for USFWS to make the next move, this is what we know:
1. Americans overwhelmingly support red wolf recovery.
2. The federal court ruling makes clear that the USFWS must bring its efforts back in line with the conservation mandate of the ESA.
3. Only 11 wild red wolves are known to remain.
The current estimate puts the only wild population of red wolves at their lowest level since the late 1990s. Only 12 red wolves are known to remain in the wild.
In this excerpt from the February 12, 2020 broadcast, Adyashanti responds to an email question asking about the razor’s edge of separation between conditioned unawareness and inclusive wholehearted engagement with what is. Adyashanti speaks to the balance of living within the knowledge that everything is eternally okay while finding a positive way to respond to the world with an open heart. Video Excerpted from the February 12, 2020 Broadcast, “The Intangible Quality of Being”: https://bit.ly/3c0ecTJ Quotes from this Video: “To be a human being, we are always acting in some way, we are participating. We can’t really get out of participating, nor should we.” “There is a domain of consciousness where everything is perfectly okay, and that’s a nice place to have access to. There is a truthfulness to it, and it relieves so much anxiety, angst, and rage—and yet, it’s not a final refuge.” “Each of our lives has our own opportunities, our own versions of what feels like a positive engagement. And don’t think that anything is too small, don’t think it has to be big—so much of life happens in the small things.” “We have to know not only what we are against, we have got to know what we are for. And the power of what we are for is more constructive, more helpful, and the only way to really address the great issues of humanity.”
The British dynasty on which Game of Thrones is based is skilfully brought to life
Following one of the most shocking periods in British history, a new historical docu-drama brings to life the dynasty that dragged Britain out of the dark ages and into the modern world. Ruling the country for over three hundred years, ruthlessly crushing all competition, The Plantagenet story is more shocking, more brutal and more astonishing than anything you’ll find in Game of Thrones. Presented by acclaimed historian Dan Jones, the Plantagenets combines his scintillating story-telling with drama reconstruction and brings to life a dramatic and bloody time in England’s history. This is history like you’ve never seen it before. Dan delivers his extraordinary take on one of the most visceral and violent chapters in British History. The series begins with Henry II, a control freak betrayed by his own wife and children after the murder of Archbishop Thomas Becket. Episode two reveals the collapse of friendship between Henry III and Simon de Montfort, spiraling into bloody civil war. Edward II’s obsession with revenge tears England apart in episode 3. Finally, episode four tells the story of the boy king tyrant, Richard II, one of the most vicious and inventive despots in history.